Welfare Practice Model
of Human Services
P.O. Box 1437, Slot S569
700 Main Street
Little Rock, AR 72203-1437
Division of Children and Family
Phone (501) 682-1001
Care * Commit * Connect
Together for Arkansas Families
Ten Ways to Help Prevent Child Abuse
Be a nurturing parent.
Children need to know that they are special, loved and
capable of following their dreams.
Help a friend, neighbor or relative.
Being a parent isn’t easy. Offer a helping hand take care
of the children, so the
parent(s) can rest or spend time together.
When the big and little problems of your everyday life pile
up to the point you feel
overwhelmed and out of control – take time out. Don’t take it
out on your kid.
If your baby cries…
It can be frustrating to hear your baby cry. Learn what to
do if your baby won’t stop
crying. Never shake a baby – shaking a child may result in
severe injury or death.
Ask your community leaders, clergy, library and schools to
develop services to meet the needs of healthy children and
Help to develop parenting
resources at your local library.
Promote programs in school.
Teaching children, parents and teachers prevention strategies
can help to keep children safe.
Monitor your child’s
television and video viewing.
Watching violent films and TV programs can harm young
Volunteer at a local child
abuse prevention program.
For information about volunteer opportunities, call
Report suspected abuse or
If you have reason to believe a child has been or may be
harmed, call the Child Abuse Hotline 1-800-482-5964 or TDD
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A few more helpful Child Abuse
Shaken Baby Syndrome
When a child less than one year old is shaken, it can damage the
child’s brain, causing blindness, brain damage, paralysis or even
death. Older children can also be injured. No child of any age
should ever be shaken. It is a form of child abuse. Help prevent
Shaken Baby Syndrome by telling others about the dangers of shaking
Prevention Tip: Never lose control and shake your
crying baby. If your baby is crying check to see if the baby is
hungry or wet; Gently rock or walk with the baby; take the baby for
a ride in the stroller or car; place the baby in a safe place, like
a crib, and leave the room for a few minutes; call a friend,
neighbor, or relative to help. Sing or take to the baby; gently rub
the baby’s back; offer a noisy toy; Think about how much you love
your baby and how much he or she depends on you.
Dealing with Temper Tantrums
Two-and three-year –olds have many skills, but controlling their
tempers is not one of them. Tantrums are common at this age because
toddlers are becoming independent and developing their own wants,
needs, and ideas. However, they are not yet able to express their
wants and feelings with words. Take comfort in the fact that most
children outgrow tantrums by age 4. Normal toddlers: Love to say
“no!” “mine!” and “do it myself!”
Prevention Tip: Direct your child’s attention to
something else. (“Wow, look at that fire engine!”) Stick to a daily
routine that balances fun activities with enough rest and healthy
food. Praise your child when he or she shows self-control and
expresses feelings with words. If you cannot prevent the tantrum,
say what you expect from your child and have confidence that your
child will behave. Remain calm. You are a role model for your child.
Take your child to a quiet place where he or she can calm down
safely. Speak softly or play soft music. Some children throw
tantrums to seek attention. Try ignoring the tantrum, but pay
attention to your child after he or she calms down. Resist
overacting to tantrums and try to keep your sense of humor.
Being a parent is a 24-hour-a-day job, and sometimes it can feel
overwhelming. Many teen parents sometimes feel … Confused and
uncertain about their future or their skills as a parent.
Overwhelmed – They don’t know where to begin or they feel like
giving up. Angry – at the baby’s other parent, their friends or even
their baby. Lonely – like they are the only person dealing with so
many problems. Depressed – sad and unable to face their problems.
These feelings do not mean you are a bad parent!
Prevention Tip: You can join a support group. Find
ways to handle stress. Take a break while someone reliable cares for
your baby. Improve your parenting skills. Don’t be afraid to ask for
advice from experienced parents.
• Placing babies in a safe sleep position is very important to
reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) or “crib
death.” When a baby, usually between the ages of 1-12 months old
dies suddenly without a clear cause, the death is often referred to
• More babies between 1-12 months of age die from SIDS than any
other cause. SIDS has also been called
“crib death” but cribs do not cause SIDS.
The Safest Way for Babies to Sleep to Reduce the Risk of SIDS
• Babies that are put to sleep and to nap on their backs are much
less likely to die from SIDS.
• The safest place for babies to sleep or nap is in a crib or on a
firm sleeping surface with a fitted sheet. The
place where the baby sleeps or naps should not have toys, pillows or
other soft items that could get near the
baby’s face. • Everyone who takes care of babies like grandparents,
friends, and baby-sitters, should know about safe sleep. Parents
should share this information with anyone who will be taking care of
• Babies can get hot while they are sleeping, which can make them
more at-risk for SIDS. It is safest to put
babies to sleep with light clothing and the temperature of the room
should feel comfortable to you.
• Babies do best when they are not exposed to tobacco smoke. Babies
that are around people who are smoking are more at-risk for SIDS. It
is safest to make sure babies are in a “smoke-free” zone at home,
away from home
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